Pressure Vessel Design Syllabus

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Pressure Vessel Design Syllabus

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Chapter 1:

Introduction to Pressure Equipments in Process Industries

Pressure Vessels

  • Cylindrical Vessels
  •  Spheres

 Jacketed Vessels

  •  Conventional Jackets
  •  Half-Pipe or Limpet Coils
  •  Dimple Jackets
  •  Plate Coils




 Heat Exchangers

  •  Plate Type Heat Exchangers
  • Double Pipe Exchangers
  • Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers
  • Air-cooled Exchanger

Chapter 2:

Pressure Vessel, Column and Reactors Design

 Stress and Various Stress Theories

 Components of Pressure Vessels and Fabrication Methods

                   • Pressure Components
                              Heads or Dish Ends and Types
                              Nozzles and Reinforcement Pads
                              Nozzle Flanges and Types
                              Girth Flanges and Types
                   • Non-Pressure Components
                              Supports (Leg, Lugs or Bracket, Saddles and Skirt)
                              Vessel and Manway Davits
                              Hand holes and Hinges
                              Earthing Lugs
 Name Plate and Brackets
 Pipe and Platform Support Clips
                              Insulation and Fire Proofing Supports
                              Lifting Lugs, Lifting Trunnions and Tailing Lugs
                              Anchor/Mounting Bolts
• Internal components in Pressure Vessels
 • Method of attachment of various components to Pressure Vessels

                          Design Parameters
Operating Pressure and Temperature
Design Pressure and Temperature
Minimum Design Metal Temperature (MDMT)
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP)
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure New and Cold (MAPNC)
Tan Line and Weld Line in Pressure Vessel
Corrosion Allowance
Liquid Density and Calculation of Pressure due to Static Head
Service Requirements
Various loadings to be considered in design
                          Material Science
Materials of Construction (Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel and Non-Ferrous Materials)
Material Selection
Cryogenic Service Requirements
                          Design Codes and their scope
ASME Sec VIII Div.1, Div.2 and Div.3, PD-5500, GB-150 etc.
Scope and Structure of ASME Sec VIII Div.1
Other Codes/Standards to be referred and their scope
                                                        ASME B16.5
                                                        ASME B16.47
                                                        ASME B16.9
                                                        ASME B36.10
                                                        ASME B16.20
                                                        ASME Sec II-A, Sec II-B and Sec II-D
 Inspection and Testing in Pressure Vessels
                         Destructive Testing
                                                        Impact Testing and ASME Requirements
                          Non-Destructive Testing
                                                        Hydrostatic Test and ASME Requirements
Pneumatic Testing and ASME Requirements
                                                        Radiography and ASME Requirements including Joint Efficiencies
Magnetic Particle Examination
                                                        Liquid Penetrant Examination
                                                        Ultrasonic Examination
Ferrite Test
Helium Leak Test
 Heat Treatments in Pressure Vessels

Explanation about various Tools in PV-Elite

Design Constraints in PV-Elite

Load Cases and Options in PV-Elite

                           Wind Data and Seismic Data in PV-Elite

                           Shell and Dish End Design for Internal/External Pressure and Practice in PV-Elite

                           Girth Flange Design and Practice in PV-Elite

                           Support Design and Practice in PV-Elite

                          Welded Flat Design and Practice in PV-Elite

                           Nozzle/Reinforcement Design and Practice in PV-Elite

                            Selection of Nozzle Flange Rating

                            Local Loads on Nozzle/Shell Junction and Local Load Analysis as per WRC-107, WRC-297 and  PD-5500

                            Modeling Platform, Packing and Trays in PV-Elite

                           Adding Weights and Forces/Moments in PV-Elite

                           Concept of Lining in Pressure Vessels

Weld Overlay

 Lining and Insulation in PV-Elite

                            Design of Half-Pipe or Limpet Coils in PV-Elite

                            Various considerations in Column and Reactor Design

 Report generation and errors/warnings in PV-Elite

                            Practice Exercises in PV-Elite

 Chapter 3:

Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Design

 Scope of Tubular Exchanger Manufacturer’s Association (TEMA)

 Various configuration of Shell & Tube Exchangers as per TEMA

 Spacing requirements in layout for Removable Bundle Exchangers

                              Various classes in TEMA (R,C &B)

                               Components of Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers and Purposes
                               Pressure Components
                                                     Channel Shell/Bonnet
                                                     Tube Sheets
                                                     Girth Flanges
                                                     Tubes (Including Finned Tubes)
                                                     Nozzles and Reinforcement
                                                     Nozzle Flanges
Non-Pressure Components
 Supports (Leg, Lugs or Bracket, Saddles and Skirt)
                                                      Baffles, Tie Rods and Spacers
                                                      Earthing Lugs
                                                      Name Plate and Brackets
                                                      Pipe and Platform Support Clips
                                                      Insulation and Fire Proofing Supports
Lifting Lugs, Lifting Trunnions and Tailing Lugs
 Anchor/Mounting Bolts
Number of Passes and Pass-partition Plates
Impingement Plate, Rod and Distribution or Vapor Belts
Expansion Joints and Purpose
Method of attachment of various components to Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers

                             Confined and Unconfined Joints

                            Dimensional standards and Fabrication Tolerances as per TEMA

 Introduction to Section UHX in ASME Sec VIII Div.1 and various configurations as per ASME

 Acceptable Tube to Tube Sheet Joints and EEMUA Recommendations

 Interfaces between Thermal and Mechanical Design

                             Design of Tube Sheet using PV-Elite

                             Practice Exercises in PV-Elite for common configuration of Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers

 Chapter 4:

Code Calc and Job Nature in EPC Companies

                             Component Modeling in Code Calc

                             Work Flow in EPC Companies and Interfaces of Vessel Engineer with other Disciplines of

Engineering, Client and Vendors